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ERIC Number: EJ1169721
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Jan
Pages: 36
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-1947-5578
Disproportionality Fills in the Gaps: Connections between Achievement, Discipline and Special Education in the School-to-Prison Pipeline
Annamma, Subini; Morrison, Deb; Jackson, Darrell
Berkeley Review of Education, v5 n1 p53-87 Jan 2014
The focus on the achievement gap has overshadowed ways in which school systems constrain student achievement through trends of racial disproportionality in areas such as school discipline, special education assignment, and juvenile justice. Using Critical Race Theory, we reframe these racial disparities as issues of institutionalized racism. First, we examine specific education policies and laws that contribute to racialized populations becoming part of the School-to-Prison Pipeline. Second, using a state-level case study in Colorado, we illustrate through critical race spatial analysis the increasing overrepresentation of students of color as they move through the School-to-Prison Pipeline from public schools to the juvenile justice system. Finally, we discuss suggestions for improving racial equity and reducing the flow of the School-to-Prison Pipeline.
Berkeley Graduate School of Education, University of California, 5648 Tolman Hall, Berkeley, CA 94702. Tel: 510-328-3701; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Colorado
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Brown v Board of Education; Keyes v Denver School District Number 1; Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A