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ERIC Number: EJ1169718
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Pages: 30
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0098-9495
Interactions between Federal Academic Earmarks and State Funding for Higher Education: An Instrumental Variables Approach
Delaney, Jennifer A.
Journal of Education Finance, v42 n1 p49-78 Sum 2016
This study considers the relationship between federal academic earmarks and three types of state spending for higher education--general appropriations, capital outlays, and student financial aid. Often referred to as "pork," federal academic earmarks are both controversial and understudied. Using a unique panel dataset from 1990-2003, this study employs an instrumental variables approach based on Congressional committee representation to estimate the effect of federal academic earmarks on state spending for higher education. It does not appear that state policymakers trade off different types of spending for higher education following the receipt of federal academic earmarks. Instead, federal academic earmarks appear to have either neutral or complementary relationships with nearly all types of state spending for higher education. The effects are found to be robust to alternative specifications including analyses that incorporate time lags. Policy implications of these findings for institutional and state leaders are discussed.
University of Illinois Press. 1325 South Oak Street, Champaign, IL 61820-6903. Tel: 217-244-0626; Fax: 217-244-8082; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A