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ERIC Number: EJ1169630
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Mar
Pages: 26
Abstractor: As Provided
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-2041-6938
EISSN: N/A
The Antebellum American Textbook Authors' Populist History of Roman Land Reform and the Gracchi Brothers
McInnis, Edward
Journal of Educational Media, Memory and Society, v7 n1 p25-50 Mar 2015
This essay explores social and political values conveyed by nineteenth century world and universal history textbooks in relation to the antebellum era. These textbooks focused on the histories of ancient Greece and Rome rather than on histories of the United States. I argue that after 1830 these textbooks reinforced both the US land reform and the antislavery movement by creating favorable depictions of Tiberius and Caius Gracchus. Tiberius and Caius Gracchus (known as the "Gracchi") were two Roman tribunes who sought to restore Rome's land laws, which granted public land to propertyless citizens despite opposition from other Roman aristocrats. The textbook authors' portrayal of the Gracchan reforms reflects a populist element in antebellum American education because these narratives suggest that there is a connection between social inequality and the decline of republicanism.
Berghahn Journals. 20 Jay Street Suite 512, Brooklyn, NY 11201. Tel: 212-233-6004; Fax: 212-233-6007; e-mail: journals@berghahnbooks.com; Web site: http://www.journals.berghahnbooks.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Greece; Italy (Rome)
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A