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ERIC Number: EJ1169319
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Pages: 20
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0098-9495
State Fiscal Effort and Juvenile Incarceration Rates: Are We Misdirecting Our Investment in Human Capital?
Ellison, Jessica McGrath; Owings, William; Kaplan, Leslie S.
Journal of Education Finance, v43 n1 p45-64 Sum 2017
The relationship between lack of a high school diploma and juvenile incarceration is well known. This study investigated whether an increase in state fiscal effort for education is associated with decreased juvenile incarceration rates. Each state's and the District of Columbia's educational fiscal effort and its relation with state juvenile incarceration rates over a 25-year time period was examined at 5, 10, 15, and 20-year lag intervals to account for effect delays. A statistically significant inverse association between state educational fiscal effort and state juvenile incarceration rates across the United States was found using a GEE with raw data at a 5-year time lag. Statistically significant associations were found using Pearson's Product Moment analysis in 10 states as well. On average across the U.S., a 1% increase in fiscal effort is estimated to provide a potential average yearly savings of $4,953,967.25 per state.
University of Illinois Press. 1325 South Oak Street, Champaign, IL 61820-6903. Tel: 217-244-0626; Fax: 217-244-8082; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A