ERIC Number: EJ1168561
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Use of Fictional Medical Television in Health Sciences Education: A Systematic Review
Hoffman, Beth L.; Hoffman, Robert; Wessel, Charles B.; Shensa, Ariel; Woods, Michelle S.; Primack, Brian A.
Advances in Health Sciences Education, v23 n1 p201-216 Mar 2018
While medical television programs are popular among health profession trainees, it is not clear to what extent these programs affect their knowledge, perceptions, and/or behaviors. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review of research evaluating associations between program exposure and outcomes. We conducted systematic literature searches in Pubmed, CINAHL, and PsycINFO. Selected studies were required to be scholarly research, involve exposure to fictionalized medical television programming by health professional students, and assess associations between exposure and outcomes. Studies were classified according to quality and factors related to population, exposure, and outcomes. Of 3541 studies identified, 13 met selection criteria. Six studies involved undergraduate medical students, one involved nursing students, two involved both medical and nursing students, two involved medical residents, one involved medical students, residents and attending physicians, and one involved graduate epidemiology students. Mean study quality according to the MERSQI was 8.27. The most commonly assessed television programs were "ER" and "Grey's Anatomy" (six each). Five studies assessed regular viewing habits, and found that fictional medical programs are popular among students and that students recall health topics from episodes. The eight studies that assessed the association with outcomes when using clips as educational tools reported high satisfaction and increased knowledge of the presented health topics. While relatively few published studies have explored influences of fictional medical television on health professional students, those conducted suggest that students often view these television programs independently and that integration of this programming into medical education is feasible and acceptable.
Descriptors: Television, Programming (Broadcast), Medical Education, Nursing Education, Allied Health Occupations Education, Literature Reviews, Television Viewing, Undergraduate Students, Nursing Students, Medical Students, Graduate Students, Epidemiology, Physicians, Student Satisfaction, Recall (Psychology), Educational Research, Mass Media Use
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Information Analyses; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
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