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ERIC Number: EJ1168558
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1522-7227
The Effects of Type of Instruction, Animacy Cues, and Dimensionality of Objects on the Shape Bias in 3- to 6-Year-Old Children
Davidson, Denise; Rainey, Vanessa R.; Vanegas, Sandra B.; Hilvert, Elizabeth
Infant and Child Development, v27 n1 Jan-Feb 2018
Robust evidence exists for the shape bias, or children's tendency to extend novel names and categorize objects more readily on the basis of shape than on other object features. However, issues remain about the conditions that affect the shape bias and its importance as a linguistic device. In this research, we examined how type of instruction ("common noun naming," "proper noun naming," "same kind," and "goes with"), animacy of objects (animate, inanimate), and dimensionality of objects (two-dimensional, three-dimensional) affect the shape bias in 3- to 6-year-old children. Overall, all children showed strong use of the shape bias with categorization ("same kind," "goes with") instructions, the former in line with the shape-as-cue theory. Additionally, the shape bias was quite robust in the inanimate condition, regardless of type of instruction or dimensionality of objects. However, in the animate condition, a "proper noun naming" instruction coupled with an animate object cue reduced the shape bias across both two- and three-dimensional objects. Implications of these findings are presented.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A