ERIC Number: EJ1168388
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
Tip of the Tongue States Increase under Evaluative Observation
James, Lori E.; Schmank, Christopher J.; Castro, Nichol; Buchanan, Tony W.
Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, v47 n1 p169-178 Feb 2018
We tested the frequent assumption that the difficulty of word retrieval increases when a speaker is being observed and evaluated. We modified the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST) so that participants believed that its evaluative observation components continued throughout the duration of a subsequent word retrieval task, and measured participants' reported tip of the tongue (TOT) states. Participants in this TSST condition experienced more TOTs than participants in a comparable, placebo TSST condition in which there was no suggestion of evaluative observation. This experiment provides initial evidence confirming the assumption that evaluative observation by a third party can be disruptive to word retrieval. We interpret our findings by proposing an extension to a well-supported theoretical model of TOTs.
Descriptors: Models, Psycholinguistics, Language Processing, Stress Variables, Social Environment, Measures (Individuals), Observation, Evaluation
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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