ERIC Number: EJ1168352
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Ending to What End? The Impact of the Termination of Court-Desegregation Orders on Residential Segregation and School Dropout Rates
Liebowitz, David D.
Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, v40 n1 p103-128 Mar 2018
In the early 1990s, the Supreme Court established standards to facilitate the release of school districts from racial desegregation orders. Over the next two decades, federal courts declared almost half of all districts under court order in 1991 to be "unitary"--that is, to have met their obligations to eliminate dual systems of education. I leverage a comprehensive dataset of all districts that were under court order in 1991 to assess the national effects of the termination of desegregation orders on indices of residential-racial segregation and high-school dropout rates. I conclude that the release from court orders moderately increased the short-term rates of Hispanic-White residential segregation. Furthermore, the declaration of districts as unitary increased rates of 16- to 19-year-old school dropouts by around 1 percentage point for Blacks, particularly those residing outside the South, and 3 percentage points for Hispanics.
Descriptors: Dropout Rate, School Districts, Desegregation Litigation, Federal Courts, Neighborhood Integration, Desegregation Methods, High School Students, Hispanic Americans, Whites, Program Termination, African Americans, Desegregation Effects, Racial Relations, Census Figures, Court Litigation
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A