ERIC Number: EJ1168147
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Abstractor: As Provided
Reading in Healthy Aging: Selective Use of Information Structuring Cues
Price, Jessica M.; Sanford, Anthony J.
Discourse Processes: A multidisciplinary journal, v55 n2 p206-217 2018
Previous research has shown that information referring to a named character or to information in the main clause of a sentence is more accessible and facilitates the processing of anaphoric references. We investigated whether the use of such cues are maintained in healthy aging. We present two experiments investigating whether information contained in the main clause of a sentence is more accessible compared with information contained in the subordinate clause. We present two further experiments that explored whether proper names act as controllers of discourse focus. Experiment 1 showed that information contained in the subordinate clause of a sentence decreased the processing efficiency of anaphoric references (more so for older adults), and Experiment 2 found that main clauses facilitated probe recognition. Experiments 3 and 4 showed that named characters increased the processing efficiency of anaphoric references and facilitated probe recognition (younger adults only), whereas older adults displayed a primacy effect.
Descriptors: Aging (Individuals), Language Processing, Discourse Analysis, Phrase Structure, Older Adults, Cues, Comparative Analysis, Efficiency, Age Differences, Young Adults, College Students, Foreign Countries, Reading Rate, Reading Processes, Eye Movements, Recognition (Psychology), Statistical Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (Glasgow)
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A