ERIC Number: EJ1168126
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Abstractor: As Provided
Private Speech Moderates the Effects of Effortful Control on Emotionality
Day, Kimberly L.; Smith, Cynthia L.; Neal, Amy; Dunsmore, Julie C.
Early Education and Development, v29 n2 p161-177 2018
Research Findings: In addition to being a regulatory strategy, children's private speech may enhance or interfere with their effortful control used to regulate emotion. The goal of the current study was to investigate whether children's private speech during a selective attention task moderated the relations of their effortful control to their anger and sadness. The private speech of 156 preschoolers (age in months: M = 52.10, SD = 9.24, min = 36.20, max = 69.50) was transcribed and coded during a selective attention task. Effortful control was observed and reported by parents. Anger and sadness were reported by parents and observed in a frustration task. Children who used more inaudible muttering had higher levels of sadness. Effortful control interacted with private speech to explain anger. The negative relation of effortful control to anger was significant for children who used low and moderate but not high levels of task-irrelevant private speech. Practice or Policy: The presence of private speech, although it may support regulatory abilities within a task, may be an additional form of evaluation that might help teachers and caregivers decide how best to support children's learning. These findings suggest that private speech can be used as an indicator of how well children use other regulatory abilities, such as effortful control.
Descriptors: Speech, Preschool Children, Self Control, Emotional Response, Attention, Psychological Patterns, Parents, Observation, Questionnaires, Child Behavior, Statistical Analysis
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 530 Walnut Street Suite 850, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Tel: 215-625-8900; Fax: 215-207-0050; Web site: http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A