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ERIC Number: EJ1167980
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Sep
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1045-3830
Number of Repetitions Required to Retain Single-Digit Multiplication Math Facts for Elementary Students
Burns, Matthew K.; Ysseldyke, Jim; Nelson, Peter M.; Kanive, Rebecca
School Psychology Quarterly, v30 n3 p398-405 Sep 2015
Computational fluency is an important aspect of math proficiency. Despite widely held beliefs about the differential difficulty of single-digit multiplication math facts, little empirical work has examined this issue. The current study analyzed the number of repetitions needed to master multiplication math facts. Data from 15,402 3rd, 4th, and 5th graders were analyzed using a national database. Results suggested that (a) students with lower math skills required significantly (p < 0.001) more repetitions than more skilled students; (b) across all students, single-digit multiplication facts with 4s, 5s, 6s, and 7s required significantly (p < 0.001) more repetition than did 2s and 3s; and (c) the number of practice sessions needed to attain mastery significantly (p < 0.001) decreased with increase in grade level. Implications for instructional planning and implementation are discussed.
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A