ERIC Number: EJ1167957
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Further Examination of the Immediate Impact of Television on Children's Executive Function
Lillard, Angeline S.; Drell, Marissa B.; Richey, Eve M.; Boguszewski, Katherine; Smith, Eric D.
Developmental Psychology, v51 n6 p792-805 Jun 2015
Three studies examined the short-term impact of television (TV) on children's executive function (EF). Study 1 (N = 160) showed that 4- and 6-year-olds' EF is impaired after watching 2 different fast and fantastical shows, relative to that of children who watched a slow, realistic show or played. In Study 2 (N = 60), 4-year-olds' EF was as depleted after watching a fast and fantastical educational show as it was after a fast and fantastical entertainment 1, relative to that of children who read a book based on the educational show. Study 3 (N = 80) examined whether show pacing or fantasy was more influential, and found that only fantastical shows, regardless of their pacing, disrupted 4-year-olds' EF. Taken together, these studies show that 10-20 min watching televised fantastical events, relative to other experiences, results in lower EF in young children.
Descriptors: Television, Mass Media Effects, Executive Function, Children, Pacing, Fantasy, Educational Television, Reading, Cognitive Ability, Cognitive Tests, Statistical Analysis, Age Differences, Pretests Posttests
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Science Foundation (NSF)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Woodcock Johnson Tests of Cognitive Ability
Grant or Contract Numbers: 1024293