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ERIC Number: EJ1167468
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0022-2194
Executive Function Variation in Children with Conduct Problems: Influences of Coexisting Reading Difficulties
Kallitsoglou, Angeliki
Journal of Learning Disabilities, v51 n2 p168-180 Mar-Apr 2018
It is unknown whether children with conduct problems (CP) and poor reading (PR) skills exhibit more profound executive function impairments than children with CP only and whether such impairments are explained by coexisting PR. Executive functions were compared in four groups of 7- to 8-year-old children: 26 CP only, 35 PR only, 27 CP-PR, and 31 comparison (COM) children with neither CP nor PR. "The Conners' Teacher Rating Scale"-28 and a sentence completion reading test were used to assess CP and PR skills. "The Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Third Edition" Backward Digit Span, the "Conners' Continuous Performance Test", and the "Tower of London" were used to assess three aspects of executive function: verbal working memory, response inhibition, and planning, respectively. The CP-PR group had lower verbal working memory than the CP-only and COM groups, but the difference was not significant after intellectual ability, inattention, and hyperactivity were controlled. The CP-PR group made more errors in the planning task (rule violations) than the COM and CP-only groups, but the difference was not significant after intellectual ability was controlled. No significant group differences were found in response inhibition. A specific PR group effect was found for verbal working memory. Children with CP-PR have more prominent executive function impairments that cannot be attributed to coexisting PR.
SAGE Publications and Hammill Institute on Disabilities. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Greece
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Conners Teacher Rating Scale; Digit Span Test; Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A