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ERIC Number: EJ1167296
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-1307-4733
Improving Learner Outcomes in EFL: Does Early Instruction Lead to Greater Achievement?
Çelik, Servet; Karaca, Bilal
Novitas-ROYAL (Research on Youth and Language), v8 n1 p1-10 2014
Language education curricula and programs worldwide have begun emphasizing foreign language instruction for learners as young as 5-6 years, particularly in English. Yet, while studies have argued for the benefits of early language instruction, the results of this trend in terms of actual achievement are not clear. For this reason, the researchers designed this study to illustrate the connection between age of onset of English as a foreign language (EFL) instruction and learner achievement, examining international language curricula from countries where English is taught as a foreign language beginning at the pre-primary and primary level alongside the corresponding scores on the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL). The findings indicate that, although early onset of EFL instruction may be beneficial in many respects, it is not, in itself, a guarantee of success, and other elements, such as class size, number of hours dedicated to English instruction, and teacher qualifications, must also be considered.
Children's Research Center-Turkey. Via Tower Is Merkezi, Bestepeler Mahallesi, Nergiz Sokak No 7-35 Sögütözü, Ankara 06530, Turkey. Tel: +90-312-2190219; Fax: +90-312-2190321; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Turkey; Netherlands; Belgium; Portugal; Sweden; Norway; Greece; Italy; Poland; France; Lithuania; South Korea; China; Thailand; Japan; Egypt; Morocco; Iraq; Algeria; Costa Rica; Argentina; Venezuela
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Test of English as a Foreign Language
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A