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ERIC Number: EJ1166777
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-Feb
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0271-1214
A Randomized Controlled Evaluation of Prevent-Teach-Reinforce for Young Children
Dunlap, Glen; Strain, Phillip; Lee, Janice K.; Joseph, Jaclyn; Leech, Nancy
Topics in Early Childhood Special Education, v37 n4 p195-205 Feb 2018
Prevent-Teach-Reinforce for Young Children (PTR-YC) is a standardized model of positive behavior support designed to deliver individualized interventions for preschool-aged children with severe and persistent challenging behaviors. A randomized controlled trial was conducted to compare effects of PTR-YC with those of a "business as usual" (BAU) comparison condition implemented over the course of one school semester (approximately 3-4 months). Participants were 169 children in pre-K and Head Start classrooms in two states in the western United States. Mixed ANOVAs revealed statistically significant differences in pre-post scores on the problem behavior and social skills subscales of the "Social Skills Improvement System" (SSIS) as well as direct observation from video samples of the children's appropriate engagement and challenging behavior, with all comparisons favoring the PTR-YC intervention. Results are discussed in terms of the need for effective strategies for enabling early childhood professionals to implement behavioral interventions with fidelity and effectiveness.
SAGE Publications and Hammill Institute on Disabilities. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Preschool Education; Early Childhood Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Institute of Education Sciences (ED)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Nevada (Reno); Colorado (Denver)
IES Funded: Yes
Grant or Contract Numbers: R324A120097
What Works Clearinghouse Reviewed: Does Not Meet Evidence Standards