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ERIC Number: EJ1166352
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Dec
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1092-4388
Recognition and Comprehension of "Narrow Focus" by Young Adults with Prelingual Hearing Loss Using Hearing Aids or Cochlear Implants
Segal, Osnat; Kishon-Rabin, Liat
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, v60 n12 p3609-3624 Dec 2017
Purpose: The stressed word in a sentence (narrow focus [NF]) conveys information about the intent of the speaker and is therefore important for processing spoken language and in social interactions. The ability of participants with severe-to-profound prelingual hearing loss to comprehend NF has rarely been investigated. The purpose of this study was to assess the recognition and comprehension of NF by young adults with prelingual hearing loss compared with those of participants with normal hearing (NH). Method: The participants included young adults with hearing aids (HA; n = 10), cochlear implants (CI; n = 12), and NH (n = 18). The test material included the Hebrew Narrow Focus Test (Segal, Kaplan, Patael, & Kishon-Rabin, in press), with 3 subtests, which was used to assess the recognition and comprehension of NF in different contexts. Results: The following results were obtained: (a) CI and HA users successfully recognized the stressed word, with the worst performance for CI; (b) HA and CI comprehended NF less well than NH; and (c) the comprehension of NF was associated with verbal working memory and expressive vocabulary in CI users. Conclusions: Most CI and HA users were able to "recognize" the stressed word in a sentence but had considerable difficulty "understanding" it. Different factors may contribute to this difficulty, including the memory load during the task itself and linguistic and pragmatic abilities.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A