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ERIC Number: EJ1166321
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Dec
Pages: 5
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1092-4388
Interfering with Inner Speech Selectively Disrupts Problem Solving and Is Linked with Real-World Executive Functioning
Wallace, Gregory L.; Peng, Cynthia S.; Williams, David
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, v60 n12 p3456-3460 Dec 2017
Purpose: According to Vygotskian theory, verbal thinking serves to guide our behavior and underpins critical self-regulatory functions. Indeed, numerous studies now link inner speech usage with performance on tests of executive function (EF). However, the selectivity of inner speech contributions to multifactorial executive planning performance and links with real-world functioning are limited. Therefore, the present study seeks to fill this gap in our knowledge. Method: Fifty-one adults completed the Tower of London under 2 conditions, (a) articulatory suppression and (b) foot tapping, and provided self-ratings of real-world executive functioning (utilizing the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function-Adult Version; Roth, Isquith, & Gioia, 2006). Results: Interfering with inner speech selectively disrupted Tower of London performance over and above a simultaneous motor task (i.e., foot tapping). Furthermore, this selectivity in performance was linked with real-world self-monitoring. Conclusion: These results provide further evidence for specific links between verbal thinking and EF (particularly using multifactorial tasks of planning) and suggest that inner speech might serve as a key intervention target in clinical disorders where EF deficits are prominent.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A