ERIC Number: EJ1166292
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Abstractor: As Provided
Effects of Peer Support Arrangements across Instructional Formats and Environments for Students with Severe Disabilities
Schaefer, John M.; Cannella-Malone, Helen; Brock, Matthew E.
Remedial and Special Education, v39 n1 p3-14 Jan-Feb 2018
Peer support arrangements are an evidence-based practice for increasing interactions between students with severe disabilities and their peers in general education classrooms, but it is unclear how interactions vary across instructional formats or generalize outside the classroom. In this single-case design study, we tested the efficacy of peer support arrangements with three middle school students with severe disabilities, and focused on variability across instructional formats and generalization to the cafeteria and recess yard. We replicated previous findings of increased interactions and extended the literature by demonstrating positive effects across instructional formats with the largest gains during small group instruction and independent work time. We found no evidence of generalization; interactions only increased in nonclassroom settings after we directly targeted those settings. We recommend educators to implement peer support arrangements in general education classrooms, increase opportunities for small group instruction when appropriate, and purposefully target social interactions across settings.
Descriptors: Severe Disabilities, Peer Influence, Educational Environment, Intellectual Disability, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Middle School Students, Peer Mediation, Interaction, Interaction Process Analysis, Observation, Generalization, Interpersonal Competence, Interpersonal Communication, Evidence Based Practice, Positive Behavior Supports, Cognitive Ability, Cognitive Tests, Achievement Tests, Behavior Rating Scales, Adjustment (to Environment), Intelligence Tests, Children, Rating Scales, Child Behavior
SAGE Publications and Hammill Institute on Disabilities. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://sagepub.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Middle Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Ohio
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Woodcock Johnson Tests of Cognitive Ability; Woodcock Johnson Tests of Achievement; Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales; Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children; Behavior Assessment System for Children
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A