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ERIC Number: EJ1166273
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-Jan
Pages: 19
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-2042-7530
PESTEL Factors for E-Learning Revisited: The 4Es of Tutoring for Value Added Learning
Graham, Deryn
E-Learning and Digital Media, v15 n1 p17-35 Jan 2018
There is a growing prevalence in the use of digital media for education management and international partnerships; however, research continues to reflect the position that the absence of social interaction is a major barrier to a positive on-line learning experience. In 2007, a paper described the application of PESTE (Political, Economic, Social, Technical and Environmental) factors from Sociology to the employment of e-learning, leading to the proposal of PESTE factors for educational software, and e-learning in particular. This paper recaps the findings of the 2007 paper, and revisits the application of the now trans-national framework for the employment of e-learning, before applying PESTEL (Political, Economic, Social, Technical, Environmental and Legal) factors to e-learning. It then proceeds to consider the influence of the latest innovations: MOOCs (Massive Open Online Courses) and Flipped Learning. Finally, the future of learning technologies is discussed and conclusions drawn, including the 4Es of Tutoring for Value Added Learning.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A