ERIC Number: EJ1166191
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Abstractor: As Provided
Probability Learning: Changes in Behavior across Time and Development
Plate, Rista C.; Fulvio, Jacqueline M.; Shutts, Kristin; Green, C. Shawn; Pollak, Seth D.
Child Development, v89 n1 p205-218 Jan-Feb 2018
Individuals track probabilities, such as associations between events in their environments, but less is known about the degree to which experience--within a learning session and over development--influences people's use of incoming probabilistic information to guide behavior in real time. In two experiments, children (4-11 years) and adults searched for rewards hidden in locations with predetermined probabilities. In Experiment 1, children (n = 42) and adults (n = 32) changed strategies to maximize reward receipt over time. However, adults demonstrated greater strategy change efficiency. Making the predetermined probabilities more difficult to learn (Experiment 2) delayed effective strategy change for children (n = 39) and adults (n = 33). Taken together, these data characterize how children and adults alike react flexibly and change behavior according to incoming information.
Descriptors: Child Development, Children, Young Children, Change Strategies, Behavior Change, Probability, Rewards, Task Analysis, Adults, Comparative Analysis, Correlation, Behavior Patterns
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Institute of Mental Health (DHHS/NIH); Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) (NIH); National Science Foundation (NSF)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: R01MH61285; T32MH01893124; R01HD07089053; P30HD03352; DGE1256259