ERIC Number: EJ1166164
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-Jan
Abstractor: As Provided
A Double Dose of Disadvantage: Language Experiences for Low-Income Children in Home and School
Neuman, Susan B.; Kaefer, Tanya; Pinkham, Ashley M.
Journal of Educational Psychology, v110 n1 p102-118 Jan 2018
There is a virtual consensus regarding the types of language processes, interactions, and material supports that are central for young children to become proficient readers and writers (Shanahan et al., 2008). In this study, we examine these supports in both home and school contexts during children's critical transitional kindergarten year. Participants were 70 children living in 2 different communities: neighborhoods of concentrated poverty (i.e., poverty rates over 40%) and borderline neighborhoods (i.e., poverty rates of 20-40%). From an ecological perspective, our goal was to examine the quantity and quality of knowledge-building supports in these contexts, and their relationship to children's school readiness outcomes. Interactive parent-child tasks were designed to elicit child-directed language in the home, while naturalistic observations in the kindergarten classrooms captured teachers' child-directed language. Children living in concentrated poverty were more likely to experience language of more limited complexity and diversity in both home and kindergarten contexts as compared to children living in borderline communities. We argue that the "double dose of disadvantage" in the language supports children receive at home and at school may affect their school readiness in significant, yet distinct, ways.
Descriptors: Children, Low Income Groups, Poverty, Interaction, Reading Skills, Writing Skills, School Readiness, Kindergarten, Knowledge Level, Parent Child Relationship, Language Skills, Naturalistic Observation, At Risk Students, Experience, Socioeconomic Status, Physical Development, Emotional Development, Randomized Controlled Trials, Early Intervention, Urban Areas, Neighborhoods, Parent Background, Educational Attainment, Family Income, Racial Differences, Ethnicity, Gender Differences, Age Differences, Family Environment, Observation, Achievement Tests, Intelligence Tests, Verbal Ability, Vocabulary, Emergent Literacy, Language Usage, Child Development, Comparative Analysis, Home Visits
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Kindergarten
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Michigan (Detroit)
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Home Observation for Measurement of Environment; Wide Range Achievement Test; Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test; Woodcock Johnson Tests of Achievement
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A