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ERIC Number: EJ1166153
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-Feb
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0013-1644
Large Sample Confidence Intervals for Item Response Theory Reliability Coefficients
Andersson, Björn; Xin, Tao
Educational and Psychological Measurement, v78 n1 p32-45 Feb 2018
In applications of item response theory (IRT), an estimate of the reliability of the ability estimates or sum scores is often reported. However, analytical expressions for the standard errors of the estimators of the reliability coefficients are not available in the literature and therefore the variability associated with the estimated reliability is typically not reported. In this study, the asymptotic variances of the IRT marginal and test reliability coefficient estimators are derived for dichotomous and polytomous IRT models assuming an underlying asymptotically normally distributed item parameter estimator. The results are used to construct confidence intervals for the reliability coefficients. Simulations are presented which show that the confidence intervals for the test reliability coefficient have good coverage properties in finite samples under a variety of settings with the generalized partial credit model and the three-parameter logistic model. Meanwhile, it is shown that the estimator of the marginal reliability coefficient has finite sample bias resulting in confidence intervals that do not attain the nominal level for small sample sizes but that the bias tends to zero as the sample size increases.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A