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ERIC Number: EJ1166133
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Pages: 4
Abstractor: ERIC
ISSN: ISSN-1559-663X
Pair Counting to Improve Grammar and Spoken Fluency
Hanson, Stephanie
English Teaching Forum, v55 n4 p24-27 2017
English language learners are often more grammatically accurate in writing than in speaking. As students focus on meaning while speaking, their spoken fluency comes at a cost: their grammatical accuracy decreases. The author wanted to find a way to help her students improve their oral grammar; that is, she wanted them to focus on grammar while still exercising their spoken fluency. This article provides instructions for how to use simple past verbs as the target grammatical structure for monitoring fluency. Students are grouped in pairs with one student being the "talker," and the other student being the "counter." Pair counting is a quick, easy, interactive, and motivating way to help students work on spoken fluency while also focusing on producing a specific grammatical form. Suggestions for using this technique with other grammar topics are also provided.
US Department of State. Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs, Office of English Language Programs, SA-5, 2200 C Street NW 4th Floor, Washington, DC 20037. e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A