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ERIC Number: EJ1165521
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Pages: 18
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-2202-493X
What Contributes More to the Ranking of Higher Education Institutions? A Comparison of Three World University Rankings
Hou, Ya-Wen; Jacob, W. James
International Education Journal: Comparative Perspectives, v16 n4 p29-46 2017
Recently, many universities have drawn attention to world university rankings, which reflect the international competition of universities and represent their relative statuses. This study does not radically contradict types of global university rankings but calls for an examination of the effects of their indicators on the final ranking of universities. By using regression analysis, this study investigates the indicator contribution to the ranking of universities in world university ranking systems, including the Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), Times Higher Education (THE), and QS World University Rankings. Results show that in the ARWU system, three indicators regarding faculty members who won Nobel Prizes and Fields Medals and papers published in Nature and Science and in the Science Citation Index and Social Science Citation Index journals predicted the ranking of universities. For the QS and THE systems, the more powerful contributors to the ranking of universities were expert-based reputation indicators.
Australian and New Zealand Comparative and International Education Society. ANZCIES Secretariat, Curtin University, Box U1987, Perth, WA Australia. Tel: +61-8-9266-7106; Fax: +61-8-9266-3222; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A