ERIC Number: EJ1164963
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Humans, Animals and the World We Inhabit--On and beyond the Symposium "Second Nature, 'Bildung' and McDowell: David Bakhurst's 'The Formation of Reason'"
Journal of Philosophy of Education, v51 n4 p744-759 Nov 2017
David Bakhurst's 2011 book "The Formation of Reason" explores the philosophy of John McDowell in general and the Aristotelian notion of second nature more specifically, topics to which philosophers of education have not yet given adequate attention. The book's widespread appeal led to the symposium "Second Nature, Bildung and McDowell: David Bakhurst's The Formation of Reason", which appeared in the first issue of the 50th anniversary volume of the Journal of Philosophy of Education in 2016. Despite its obvious educational relevance, whether and how Bakhurst's McDowellian line of philosophical argument shapes the domain of educational enquiry or discourse remains up for debate. The rich contributions of Sebastian Rödl, Paul Standish and Jan Derry help us confront this issue. Proceeding with an analysis that is partly explanatory and partly critical of the central aspects of their respective views, I try to show that the basic attraction of the McDowellian/Bakhurstian line of argument concerning educational thinking is that it enables us to address education in the proper context of the natural and the social. In other words, their depiction of a human being as a natural animal in a normative world allows us not to be perturbed either by the natural-scientific conception of the natural or by the social constructivist thinking of the social, both of which have occasionally distorted how education is addressed and therefore impoverished our understanding of education itself. I conclude with a brief word on the significance of continuing and advancing the conversation initiated by the symposium by noting two viable examples of future work.
Descriptors: Educational Philosophy, Social Influences, Educational Methods, Logical Thinking, Natural Resources
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
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