ERIC Number: EJ1164887
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Abstractor: As Provided
Toward a Generation Free of Tuberculosis: TB Disease and Infection in Individuals of College Age in the United States
Shah, N. S.; Flood-Bryzman, A.; Jeffries, C.; Scott, J.
Journal of American College Health, v66 n1 p17-22 2018
Objectives: To assess the magnitude of active TB disease and latent TB infection (LTBI) in young adults of college age. Participants: Individuals who were aged 18-24 years in 2011 were used as a proxy for college students. Methods: Active TB cases reported to the 2011 US National TB Surveillance System (NTSS) were included. LTBI prevalence was calculated from the 2011-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The 2011 American Community Survey was used to calculate population denominators. Analyses were stratified by nativity. Results: Active TB disease incidence among persons aged 18-24 years was 2.82/100,000, 18.8/100,000 among foreign-born individuals and 0.9/100,000 among US-born individuals. In 2011, 878 TB cases were reported; 629 (71.6%) were foreign-born. LTBI prevalence among persons of 18-24 years was 2.5%: 8.7% and 1.3% among foreign-born and US-born, respectively. Conclusion: Active screening and treatment programs for foreign-born young adults could identify TB cases earlier and provide an opportunity for prevention efforts.
Descriptors: Communicable Diseases, College Students, Young Adults, Screening Tests, Outcomes of Treatment, Public Health, Child Health, Health Promotion, Incidence, Diagnostic Tests, Disease Incidence
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A