ERIC Number: EJ1164637
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Abstractor: As Provided
Are Middle School Mathematics Teachers Able to Solve Word Problems without Using Variable?
Gökkurt Özdemir, Burçin; Erdem, Emrullah; Örnek, Tugba; Soylu, Yasin
International Journal of Mathematical Education in Science and Technology, v49 n1 p85-106 2018
Many people consider problem solving as a complex process in which variables such as "x," "y" are used. Problems may not be solved by only using "variable." Problem solving can be rationalized and made easier using practical strategies. When especially the development of children at younger ages is considered, it is obvious that mathematics teachers should solve problems through concrete processes. In this context, middle school mathematics teachers' skills to solve word problems without using variables were examined in the current study. Through the case study method, this study was conducted with 60 middle school mathematics teachers who have different professional experiences in five provinces in Turkey. A test consisting of five open-ended word problems was used as the data collection tool. The content analysis technique was used to analyze the data. As a result of the analysis, it was seen that the most of the teachers used trial-and-error strategy or area model as the solution strategy. On the other hand, the teachers who solved the problems using variables such as "x," "a," "n" or symbols such as ?, ?, ?, * and who also felt into error by considering these solutions as without variable were also seen in the study.
Descriptors: Middle School Teachers, Mathematics Teachers, Mathematics Skills, Problem Solving, Word Problems (Mathematics), Case Studies, Foreign Countries, Mathematics Tests, Content Analysis, Qualitative Research
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Middle Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Turkey
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A