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ERIC Number: EJ1164331
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0163-853X
What Makes Us More Egocentric in Communication? The Role of Referent Features and Individual Differences
Debska, Agnieszka; Raczaszek-Leonardi, Joanna
Discourse Processes: A multidisciplinary journal, v55 n1 p1-11 2018
The perspective-adjustment model of language interpretation assumes an initial egocentric stage in comprehension that is only later adjusted to the interlocutor's perspective. Moreover, substantial processing resources are involved in perspective-taking. However, many experiments in the perspective-adjustment framework do not control for visual salience and semantic typicality of referents. We conducted a referential task experiment focusing on salience and typicality as potential factors that may increase the cognitive costs of an interpretation. We additionally manipulated the interactive versus non-interactive nature of the task (with or without an interlocutor) to test the effects of perspective-taking on interpretation. Saliency and typicality of referents influenced the interpretation process when they were in conflict with the perspective-taking factor. Also, the interactive situations were more cognitively demanding than the non-interactive ones. These results are consistent with the constraint-based model that views interpretation as a probabilistic process of competition between constraints.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Poland
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A