ERIC Number: EJ1164234
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-Jan
Abstractor: As Provided
Temporal Specificity in Pavlovian-Toinstrumental Transfer
Matell, Matthew S.; Della Valle, Rebecca B.
Learning & Memory, v25 n1 p8-20 Jan 2018
Presentation of a previously trained Pavlovian conditioned stimulus while an organism is engaged in operant responding can moderate the rate of responding, a phenomenon known as Pavlovian-to-instrumental transfer. Although it is well known that Pavlovian contingencies will generate conditioned behavior that is temporally organized with respect to the arrival of the predicted outcome, little work has examined the temporal dynamics of responding during Pavlovian-instrumental transfer. We trained rats using a fixed time 60-sec, fixed time 120-sec, or random time 60-sec schedule in an appetitive Pavlovian task, and found that presentation of the conditioned stimulus potentiated operant responding in a manner that reflected these previously established temporal expectancies. Further, this temporal specificity conformed to the scalar property as seen with other forms of interval timing behavior. Surprisingly, this effect was only seen when the conditioned stimulus was a visual cue, but not when it was an auditory cue. These data suggest that the motivational processes triggered by Pavlovian cues are not static, but fluctuate in strength as a function of temporally specific expectations of reward.
Descriptors: Operant Conditioning, Experiments, Animals, Time, Intervals, Visual Stimuli, Auditory Stimuli, Cues, Expectation, Rewards
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
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