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ERIC Number: EJ1163126
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-Jan
Pages: 6
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0022-4391
Altering the School Breakfast Environment Reduces Barriers to School Breakfast Participation among Diverse Rural Youth
Hearst, Mary O.; Shanafelt, Amy; Wang, Qi; Leduc, Robert; Nanney, Marilyn S.
Journal of School Health, v88 n1 p3-8 Jan 2018
Background: The purpose is to determine if altering school breakfast policies and the school breakfast environment will positively impact adolescent beliefs of the barriers and benefits of eating breakfast. Methods: There were 904 adolescents from 16 rural high schools, Minnesota, in the BreakFAST Study who reported eating breakfast fewer than 4 times per week at baseline. Schools were randomized to intervention (N = 8 schools) or delayed intervention (N = 8) condition. The intervention lasted 1 school year. Students completed an online survey of beliefs of barriers and benefits to eating breakfast at baseline and follow-up. Summative scales were created. Bivariate and multivariate linear regression, accounting for clustering by school, was performed using SAS. Sex interaction was tested. Models tested the effect of the intervention on change in summative scales from baseline to follow-up. Results: Participants were 54% female, 69.1% white, 36.6% eligible for free or reduced-price meals (FRM) and 13.1% of families received public assistance. The change in reported barriers was significantly different in intervention versus control schools (Net difference = 1.0, p = 0.03). There was no intervention effect of perceived benefits. Conclusions: A school-based policy and environmental change intervention can successfully reduce perceived barriers to eating school breakfast.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (DHHS/NIH); National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS) (DHHS/NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Minnesota
Grant or Contract Numbers: R01HL113235; UL1TR000114