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ERIC Number: EJ1163007
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Pages: 8
Abstractor: ERIC
ISSN: ISSN-1060-6041
Creating Optimal Learning Environments through Invitational Education: An Alternative to Control Oriented School Reform
Fretz, Joan R.
Journal of Invitational Theory and Practice, v21 p23-30 2015
Understanding what motivates people to put forth effort, persevere in the face of obstacles, and choose their behaviors is key to creating an optimal learning environment--the type of school that policy makers desire, but are unknowingly sabotaging (Dweck, 2000). Many motivation and self-concept theories provide important insight with regard to the negative consequences of control-oriented reforms. This article proposes sharing the key concepts of motivation and self-determination theory (Deci & Ryan 1985) and invitational theory (Purkey & Novak, 1996) with policy makers to highlight the negative impact of control-oriented reforms and make the case for a more positive approach to transforming schools by applying these theories of practice. As a viable and more positive alternative, the invitational framework provides strategies to create a high challenge/low threat school climate that helps both staff and students realize their full potential.
International Alliance for Invitational Education. Kennesaw State University, 1000 Chastain Road House #55, Kennesaw, GA 30144-5591. Tel: 770-423-6869; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A