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ERIC Number: EJ1162911
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Dec
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1072-0502
Morphofunctional Experience-Dependent Plasticity in the Honeybee Brain
Andrione, Mara; Timberlake, Benjamin F.; Vallortigara, Giorgio; Antolini, Renzo; Haase, Albrecht
Learning & Memory, v24 n12 p622-629 Dec 2017
Repeated or prolonged exposure to an odorant without any positive or negative reinforcement produces experience-dependent plasticity, which results in habituation and latent inhibition. In the honeybee ("Apis mellifera"), it has been demonstrated that, even if the absolute neural representation of an odor in the primary olfactory center, the antennal lobe (AL), is not changed by repeated presentations, its relative representation with respect to unfamiliar stimuli is modified. In particular, the representation of a stimulus composed of a 50:50 mixture of a familiar and a novel odorant becomes more similar to that of the novel stimulus after repeated stimulus preexposure. In a calcium-imaging study, we found that the same functional effect develops following prolonged odor exposure. By analyzing the brains of the animals subjected to this procedure, we found that such functional changes are accompanied by morphological changes in the AL (i.e., a decrease in volume in specific glomeruli). The AL glomeruli that exhibited structural plasticity also modified their functional responses to the three stimuli (familiar odor, novel odor, binary mixture). We suggest a model in which rebalancing inhibition within the AL glomeruli may be sufficient to elicit structural and functional correlates of experience-dependent plasticity.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A