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ERIC Number: EJ1162649
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0163-853X
Do Causal and Concessive Connectives Guide Emotional Expectancies in Comprehension? A Double-Task Paradigm Using Emotional Icons
Morera, Yurena; León, José A.; Escudero, Inmaculada; de Vega, Manuel
Discourse Processes: A multidisciplinary journal, v54 n8 p583-598 2017
Continuity and discontinuity are sometimes marked in discourse by means of connectives. This study tested for the first time whether causal and concessive connectives induce expectations of emotional continuity and discontinuity, respectively. Using a novel double-task paradigm, participants first listened to an antecedent clause with a causal or concessive connective ("'Because/Although' the pupil studied a lot…"), followed by an emotional icon (emoticon), which could match or mismatch the emotional valence of the antecedent. In Experiment 1 participants had to choose the best continuation for the antecedent clause ("he passed" vs. "he failed" the exam) and then identify the emoticon previously shown. In Experiment 2 they had to judge a perceptual feature of the emoticon before performing the consequent choice task. For causal connectives the congruence between the antecedent and the emoticon valence facilitates the consequent choice task (Experiment 1 and Experiment 2) and the emoticon recognition task (Experiment 1) but not the early perceptual judgment task (Experiment 2). This means that causal connectives promote emotional valence continuity at the stage of meaning integration processes. By contrast, concessive connectives do not induce emotional continuity expectancies. In addition, performance in causal positive antecedents and in concessive negative antecedents was more efficient than in the contrasting conditions, suggesting strong emotional biases for these connectives.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Spain
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A