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ERIC Number: EJ1162608
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1085-3545
"State Your Defense!" Children Negotiate Analytic Frames in the Context of Deliberative Dialogue
Hauver, Jennifer
Democracy & Education, v25 n2 Article 3 2017
The purpose of this exploratory study was to identify the analytic frames children (ages 9 to 11) employed as they worked together to make sense of an ill-structured problem, what those same children did when their frames collided in the context of deliberative dialogue, and what they learned from the process of negotiation. Data included pre- and post-dialogue interviews with individual children as well as videotapes of the five dialogue sessions. Analysis suggests that children invoked six frames: "fairness," "common good," "safety," "kindness," "tradition" and "self-interest." Of these, "fairness" and "common good" were super-ordinate frames, which resonated with peers and facilitated the building of consensus. Groups in which children demonstrated greater willingness to engage others' ideas made the most gains in their ability to employ multiple frames from pre- to post-task interviews. Findings suggest a need for explicit instruction about the sociocultural contexts delimiting individuals' framing of complex problems. Such instruction has the potential to grow students' civic capabilities as critical consumers of public discourse who can listen across difference and participate productively in shared decision making.
Lewis & Clark Graduate School of Education and Counseling. 0615 SW Palatine Hill Road MSC 93, Portland, OR 97219. Tel: 503-768-6054; Fax: 503-768-6053; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: Grade 4
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A