ERIC Number: EJ1162578
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Abstractor: As Provided
Countering the Neos: Dewey and a Democratic Ethos in Teacher Education
Atkinson, Jamie C.
Democracy & Education, v25 n2 Article 1 2017
Neoliberalism and neoconservatism are two ideologies that currently plague education. The individualistic free-market ideology of neoliberalism and the unbridled nationalistic exceptionalism associated with neoconservatism often breed a narrowed, overstandardized curriculum and a hyper-testing environment that discourage critical intellectual practice and democratic ideas. Dewey's philosophy of education indicates that he understood that education is political and can be undemocratic. Dewey's holistic pragmatism, combined with aspects of social reconstructionism, called for a philosophical movement that favors democratic schooling. This paper defines neoliberal and neoconservative ideologies and makes a case for including more critique within teacher preparation programs, what Dewey and other educationists referred to as developing a significant social intelligence in teachers. Critical studies embedded within teacher education programs are best positioned to counter the undemocratic forces prevalent in the ideologies of neoliberalism and neoconservatism. My conclusions rely on Dewey's philosophy from his work "Democracy and Education."
Descriptors: Neoliberalism, Democracy, Teacher Education, Ideology, Educational Philosophy, Politics of Education, Progressive Education, Holistic Approach, Definitions, Social Cognition, Citizenship
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
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