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ERIC Number: EJ1162528
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Dec
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1381-2890
Essentialism and Social Representations of Intelligence
Räty, Hannu; Mononen, Noora; Pykäläinen, Elina
Social Psychology of Education: An International Journal, v20 n4 p915-927 Dec 2017
This study aims to examine the role of essentialist interpretations in education. A group of university students (N = 196) were asked to rank themselves on a social ladder and respond to a set of statements on essentialist beliefs about social class and differential notions of intelligence. Results showed that it is possible to construct a reliable scale measuring essentialist beliefs, comprising views of social class as a discrete and stable social category. The differential notions of intelligence, or the social representation of natural giftedness, seem to be connected to two frames pertaining to the definition of social position: the essentialist beliefs about social class and the subjective perception of one's own social rank. Accordingly, the representation of natural giftedness is part of the social-positional perspective of education.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A