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ERIC Number: EJ1162463
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Nov
Pages: 22
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-1570-1824
The Roles of Experience, Gender, and Individual Differences in Statistical Reasoning
Martin, Nadia; Hughes, Jeffrey; Fugelsang, Jonathan
Statistics Education Research Journal, v16 n2 p454-475 Nov 2017
We examine the joint effects of gender and experience on statistical reasoning. Participants with various levels of experience in statistics completed the Statistical Reasoning Assessment (Garfield, 2003), along with individual difference measures assessing cognitive ability and thinking dispositions. Although the performance of both genders improved with experience, the gender gap persisted, with males outperforming females across all experience levels. A confirmatory structural equation model assessing the degree to which cognitive ability, thinking dispositions, and gender account for statistical reasoning performance supported the idea that differences in statistical reasoning are not uniquely a matter of cognitive ability. Rather, gender was found to influence statistical reasoning directly, as well as indirectly through its influence on thinking dispositions.
International Association for Statistics Education and the International Statistical Institute. PO Box 24070, 2490 AB The Hague, The Netherlands. Tel: +31-70-3375737; Fax: +31-70-3860025; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Need for Cognition Scale; Wonderlic Personnel Test
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A