ERIC Number: EJ1162282
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Abstractor: As Provided
Intelligibility of Noise-Adapted and Clear Speech in Child, Young Adult, and Older Adult Talkers
Smiljanic, Rajka; Gilbert, Rachael C.
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, v60 n11 p3069-3080 Nov 2017
Purpose: This study examined intelligibility of conversational and clear speech sentences produced in quiet and in noise by children, young adults, and older adults. Relative talker intelligibility was assessed across speaking styles. Method: Sixty-one young adult participants listened to sentences mixed with speech-shaped noise at -5 dB signal-to-noise ratio. The analyses examined percent correct scores across conversational, clear, and noise-adapted conditions and the three talker groups. Correlation analyses examined whether talker intelligibility is consistent across speaking style adaptations. Results: Noise-adapted and clear speech significantly enhanced intelligibility for young adult listeners. The intelligibility improvement varied across the three talker groups. Notably, intelligibility benefit was smallest for children's speaking style modifications. Listeners also perceived speech produced in noise by older adults to be less intelligible compared to the younger talkers. Talker intelligibility was correlated strongly between conversational and clear speech in quiet, but not for conversational speech produced in quiet and in noise. Conclusions: Results provide evidence that intelligibility variation related to age and communicative barrier has the potential to aid clinical decision making for individuals with speech disorders, particularly dysarthria.
Descriptors: Age Differences, Children, Young Adults, Older Adults, Speech Communication, Sentences, Acoustics, Scores, Correlation, Listening, Comprehension
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
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