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ERIC Number: EJ1161574
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1357-5279
Long-Term Effects of the Realfit Intervention on Self-Esteem and Food Craving
Bartelink, Nina H. M.; Mulkens, Sandra; Mujakovic, Suhreta; Jansen, Maria W. J.
Child Care in Practice, v24 n1 p65-75 2018
Background: RealFit is a 13-week weight-reduction programme for adolescents. This study investigated the programme's long-term effectiveness regarding the psychological outcomes of self-esteem and food craving. Methods: The study had a quasi-experimental design. Body mass index, self-esteem and food craving were assessed at baseline (T[subscript 0]), immediately after RealFit (T[subscript 1]), and after five months (T[subscript 2]) and one year (T[subscript 3]) of follow-up. Control participants (n = 32) were overweight adolescents who received no treatment. Results: Comparison between the intervention (n = 86) and control groups showed a significant difference for the self-esteem domain of global self-worth (1.63; 95% confidence interval: 0.28 to 2.99) in favour of the intervention group. The differences regarding overall self-esteem and the physical appearance domain showed a trend towards improvement. No significant difference was found for food craving. Conclusions: Taking all results and limitations into account, it may cautiously be concluded that RealFit has beneficial long-term effects on some domains of self-esteem, but no substantial effect on food craving. The appropriate duration and delivery of cue-exposure sessions in groups of overweight adolescents to decrease food craving should be investigated to further improve the RealFit intervention.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Netherlands
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Self Perception Profile for Adolescents
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A