ERIC Number: EJ1161564
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Abstractor: As Provided
The Effects of Preliteracy Knowledge, Schooling, and Summer Vacation on Literacy Acquisition
Tiruchittampalam, Shanthi; Nicholson, Tom; Levin, Joel R.; Ferron, John M.
Journal of Educational Research, v111 n1 p28-42 2018
What causes the literacy gap and can schools compensate for it? The authors investigated 3 drivers of the gap: preliteracy knowledge, schooling, and the summer vacation. Longitudinal literacy data over 5 time points were collected on 126 five-year-olds attending higher or lower socioeconomic status (SES) schools during their first 15 months of school. There were several noteworthy findings: (a) gaps in preliteracy knowledge at school entry favor higher SES schools, (b) preliteracy knowledge predicted later progress over and above SES and gender, (c) during the school year there was a widening of the gap between higher SES schools and lower SES schools in reading and spelling skills, and (d) children attending lower SES schools exhibited losses during summer whereas children attending higher SES schools nearly always gained. Contrary to previous studies, the present results indicated that when there are concentrations of children from higher and lower SES in schools located in the children's respective SES areas, the achievement gap widens.
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Longitudinal Studies, Socioeconomic Status, Prereading Experience, Literacy, Vacations, Achievement Gap, Outcomes of Education, Foreign Countries, Intelligence Tests, Verbal Ability, Vocabulary, Achievement Tests, Reading Tests, Differences, Hierarchical Linear Modeling, Multivariate Analysis, Correlation, Statistical Analysis, Statistical Significance
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New Zealand
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test; Wide Range Achievement Test
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A