ERIC Number: EJ1160874
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Abstractor: As Provided
Physical Education Students' Ownership, Empowerment, and Satisfaction with PE and Physical Activity
Moore, E. Whitney G.; Fry, Mary D.
Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, v88 n4 p468-478 2017
Individuals experiencing a highly caring, task-involving, and low ego-involving exercise climate have reported greater ownership in exercise class and empowerment to exercise in general. Purpose: This study examined the relationship between ownership and empowerment in exercise, with 2 context-specific outcomes, satisfaction with physical education (PE) and physical activity, respectively. Given the mission of PE to foster individuals' lifelong physical activity habit, the perceptions of high school students were collected for this study. Ownership in exercise was hypothesized to be significantly, positively correlated with students reporting satisfaction in PE more than their satisfaction in physical activity, whereas empowerment in exercise was hypothesized to be more strongly, positively correlated with students' physical activity satisfaction. A second purpose of this study was to test the measurement quality of the updated Empowerment in Exercise Scale (EES; now 13 items). Method: High school students (N = 502, 43% female) in a Midwestern U.S. school district completed a survey. Results: Confirmatory factor analysis supported the internal measurement structure of the EES (? = 0.62-0.91; McDonald's omega = 0.89) across student gender (strong invariance). Additionally, the structural equation modeling analysis revealed only 1 parameter moderated by the students' gender (latent mean of ownership). The hypotheses were supported, such that ownership in exercise was more strongly correlated with PE satisfaction (r = 0.87) and empowerment in exercise had a stronger correlation with physical activity satisfaction (r = 0.92). Conclusion: These results support the beneficial effect a satisfying experience in PE can have on students' satisfaction with physical activity outside of school.
Descriptors: High School Students, Student Attitudes, Physical Education, Student Empowerment, Learner Engagement, Student Satisfaction, Physical Activities, Exercise, Hypothesis Testing, Correlation, Likert Scales, Psychometrics, Measurement Techniques, Factor Analysis, Test Validity, Structural Equation Models, Statistical Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Kansas
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A