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ERIC Number: EJ1160504
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Pages: 21
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1941-1243
Effectiveness of Therapeutic Programs for Students with ADHD with Executive Function Deficits
Chaimaha, Napalai; Sriphetcharawut, Sarinya; Lersilp, Suchitporn; Chinchai, Supaporn
Journal of Occupational Therapy, Schools & Early Intervention, v10 n4 p436-456 2017
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of therapeutic programs, an executive function training program and a collaborative program, for students with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) with executive function deficits (EFDs), especially regarding working memory, planning, and monitoring. The participants were eight students diagnosed with ADHD with EFDs between 10-12 years old and "supporters" (parents, teachers, principals, and peers). The eight students participated in EF trainings three times weekly for seven weeks. A one-group pretest-posttest design measured changes in executive functions (EFs) using the Tower of London-Drexel University (TOLDX), Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised (WISC-R; Digit Span subtest), and the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF) pre- and postintervention. The collaborative program taught "supporters" ways to assist students with ADHD with EFDs in improving their EFs. Statistically significant improvements (p < 0.05) with the Wilcoxon signed rank test were found for working memory, planning, and self-monitoring on the BRIEF (Teacher Form), and working memory in WISC-R. No significant differences within the group for the TOLDX were found. School performance (as indicated by Grade Point Average) showed significant improvement. These findings indicate that these therapeutic programs were effective in improving EF for students with ADHD with EFDs.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Thailand
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A