ERIC Number: EJ1160403
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
How Restudy Decisions Affect Overall Comprehension for Seventh-Grade Students
Thiede, Keith W.; Redford, Joshua S.; Wiley, Jennifer; Griffin, Thomas D.
British Journal of Educational Psychology, v87 n4 p590-605 Dec 2017
Background: Self-regulated learning requires accurate monitoring and effective regulation of study. Little is known about how effectively younger readers regulate their study. Aims: We examined how decisions about which text to restudy affect overall comprehension for seventh-grade students. In addition to a "Participant's Choice" condition where students were allowed to pick texts for restudy on their own, we compared learning gains in two other conditions in which texts were selected for them. The "Test-Based Restudy" condition determined text selection using initial test performance--presenting the text with the lowest initial test performance for restudy, thereby circumventing potential problems associated with inaccurate monitoring and ineffective regulation. The "Judgement-Based Restudy" condition determined text selection using metacognitive judgements of comprehension--presenting the text with the lowest judgement of comprehension, thereby circumventing potential problems associated with ineffective regulation. Sample: Four hundred and eighty seventh-grade students participated. Method: Students were randomly assigned to conditions in an experimental design. Results and conclusions: Gains in comprehension following restudy were larger for the "Test-Based Restudy" condition than for the "Judgement-Based Restudy" condition or the Participant's Choice condition. No differences in comprehension were seen between the "Judgement-Based Restudy" and "Participant's Choice" conditions. These results suggest seventh graders can systematically use their monitoring to make decisions about what to restudy. However, the results highlight how inaccurate monitoring is one reason why younger students fail to benefit from self-regulated study opportunities.
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Grade 7, Study Habits, Comprehension, Independent Study, Achievement Gains, Comparative Analysis, Metacognition, Decision Making
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Middle Schools
Sponsor: Institute of Education Sciences (ED)
Authoring Institution: N/A
IES Funded: Yes
Grant or Contract Numbers: R305B070460