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ERIC Number: EJ1160270
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Dec
Pages: 28
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1560-4292
Reflective Writing about the Utility Value of Science as a Tool for Increasing STEM Motivation and Retention -- Can AI Help Scale Up?
Beigman Klebanov, Beata; Burstein, Jill; Harackiewicz, Judith M.; Priniski, Stacy J.; Mulholland, Matthew
International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education, v27 n4 p791-818 Dec 2017
The integration of subject matter learning with reading and writing skills takes place in multiple ways. Students learn to read, interpret, and write texts in the discipline-relevant genres. However, writing can be used not only for the purposes of practice in professional communication, but also as an opportunity to reflect on the learned material. In this paper, we address a writing intervention--Utility Value (UV) intervention--that has been shown to be effective for promoting interest and retention in STEM subjects in laboratory studies and field experiments. We conduct a detailed investigation into the potential of natural language processing technology to support evaluation of such writing at scale: We devise a set of features that characterize UV writing across different genres, present common themes, and evaluate UV scoring models using essays on known and new biology topics. The automated UV scoring results are, we believe, promising, especially for the personal essay genre.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A