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ERIC Number: EJ1160252
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Dec
Pages: 18
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1053-1890
The Indirect Effect of Family Cohesion on Children's Weight Status through Maternal Quality of Life and Children's Internalizing and Externalizing Symptoms
Frontini, Roberta; Haycraft, Emma; Canavarro, Maria Cristina; Moreira, Helena
Child & Youth Care Forum, v46 n6 p877-894 Dec 2017
Background: Obesity has serious psychosocial consequences for youth and family members and has reached epidemic levels in Portugal. Objective: This study had two goals: (1) to investigate differences in family cohesion, mothers' quality of life (QoL), and externalizing/internalizing symptoms between children/adolescents with healthy-weight and overweight/obesity; (2) to assess the mediating role of maternal QoL and children/adolescents' externalizing/internalizing symptoms in the association between family cohesion and weight. Methods: Children/adolescents with healthy-weight (n = 134) and with overweight/obesity (n = 163) and their mothers participated in the study. Mothers completed measures of family cohesion (FC) and QoL and children/adolescents completed measures of externalizing and internalizing symptoms. This study used a cross-sectional design. Results: Children/adolescents with overweight/obesity reported higher levels of externalizing and internalizing symptoms than children/adolescents with healthy-weight. Mothers of children/adolescents with overweight/obesity reported lower levels of FC and QoL than mothers of children/adolescents with healthy-weight. Mothers' QoL and children/adolescents' externalizing symptoms sequentially mediated the relationship between FC and weight status. Specifically, an increase in FC and QoL resulted in a decreased likelihood of the child/adolescent reporting overweight or obesity, whereas an increase in externalizing symptoms resulted in a higher likelihood of the child/adolescent reporting overweight or obesity. Conclusions: This study identifies mechanisms that might account for the link between FC and weight, suggesting the importance of mothers' QoL and children's externalizing symptoms. Moreover, it provides a better understanding of the psychosocial outcomes related to pediatric obesity, highlighting the relevance of working with the parents to promote weight reduction in youths.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Portugal
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A