ERIC Number: EJ1160226
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
How Anxious Do You Think I Am? Relationship between State and Trait Anxiety in Children with and without ASD during Social Tasks
Mertens, J.; Zane, E. R.; Neumeyer, K.; Grossman, R. B.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v47 n12 p3692-3703 Dec 2017
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often exhibit increased anxiety, even in non-stressful situations. We investigate general anxiousness (anxiety trait) and responses to stressful situations (anxiety state) in 22 adolescents with ASD and 32 typically developing controls. We measured trait anxiety with standardized self- and parent-reported questionnaires. We used a Biopac system to capture state anxiety via skin conductance responses, mean heart rate and heart rate variability during high- and low-anxiety tasks. Results reveal higher trait anxiety in adolescents with ASD (p < 0.05) and no group difference in state anxiety. Increased parent-reported trait anxiety may predict decreased state anxiety during high-stress conditions. Together, these findings suggest that higher trait anxiety may result in dampened physical responses to stress.
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Anxiety, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Adolescents, Comparative Analysis, Questionnaires, Self Evaluation (Individuals), Parent Attitudes, Physiology, Metabolism, Prediction
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: 1R01DC012774