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ERIC Number: EJ1160220
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Dec
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0162-3257
Autistic Traits and Symptoms of Social Anxiety Are Differentially Related to Attention to Others' Eyes in Social Anxiety Disorder
Kleberg, Johan Lundin; Högström, Jens; Nord, Martina; Bölte, Sven; Serlachius, Eva; Falck-Ytter, Terje
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v47 n12 p3814-3821 Dec 2017
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and social anxiety disorder (SAD) have partly overlapping symptoms. Gaze avoidance has been linked to both SAD and ASD, but little is known about differences in social attention between the two conditions. We studied eye movements in a group of treatment-seeking adolescents with SAD (N = 25), assessing SAD and ASD dimensionally. The results indicated a double dissociation between two measures of social attention and the two symptom dimensions. Controlling for social anxiety, elevated autistic traits were associated with delayed "orienting to" eyes presented among distractors. In contrast, elevated social anxiety levels were associated with faster "orienting away" from the eyes, when controlling for autistic traits. This distinction deepens our understanding of ASD and SAD.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A