ERIC Number: EJ1160212
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Stranger Fear and Early Risk for Social Anxiety in Preschoolers with Fragile X Syndrome Contrasted to Autism Spectrum Disorder
Scherr, Jessica F.; Hogan, Abigail L.; Hatton, Deborah; Roberts, Jane E.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v47 n12 p3741-3755 Dec 2017
This study investigated behavioral indicators of social fear in preschool boys with fragile X syndrome (FXS) with a low degree of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) symptoms (FXS-Low; n = 29), FXS with elevated ASD symptoms (FXS-High; n = 25), idiopathic ASD (iASD; n = 11), and typical development (TD; n = 36). Gaze avoidance, escape behaviors, and facial fear during a stranger approach were coded. Boys with elevated ASD symptoms displayed more avoidant gaze, looking less at the stranger and parent than those with low ASD symptoms across etiologies. The iASD group displayed more facial fear than the other groups. Results suggest etiologically distinct behavioral patterns of social fear in preschoolers with elevated ASD symptoms.
Descriptors: Fear, Anxiety, Males, Genetic Disorders, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Eye Movements, Attention, Parents, Interpersonal Competence, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Preschool Children
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Institute of Mental Health (DHHS/NIH); Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) (NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: R01MH090119401A1; R01MH107573; P30HD00311035S1