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ERIC Number: EJ1159984
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Pages: 21
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0026-7902
Influence of Learner Beliefs and Gender on the Motivating Power of L2 Selves
Yashima, Tomoko; Nishida, Rieko; Mizumoto, Atsushi
Modern Language Journal, v101 n4 p691-711 Win 2017
This study investigates 3 unexplored issues regarding Second Language (L2) Motivational Self System theory. It further validates the theory using multiple structural equation modeling (SEM) along with a procedure comparing the strength of corresponding paths. Japanese university freshmen (N = 2,631) responded to a questionnaire and took the TOEFL-ITP test. Results showed the following: (a) Stronger Ideal and Ought-to L2 self visions led to intended effort, accounting in turn for higher levels of objectively measured proficiency. (b) Two types of learner beliefs reflecting L2 learning experience--Communication Orientation (the tendency to value extensive use of language) and Grammar-Translation Orientation (the tendency to value learning grammar explicitly)--influenced the 2 future selves differently. The former affected Ideal self more than Ought-to self, while the reverse was true of the latter. (c) Women's greater tendency to value communication activities influenced their stronger vision of Ideal L2 self. A stronger link between Grammar-Translation Orientation and Ought-to self in male students than in female students was found. Finally, the etic approach using SEM allowed for a comparison of studies conducted in different sociocultural contexts, showing stronger motivating power for Ought-to self in Japan along with gender differences, a finding with context-specific explanations.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Japan
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Test of English as a Foreign Language
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A