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ERIC Number: EJ1159954
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Nov
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0009-3920
The Development of Selective Copying: Children's Learning from an Expert versus Their Mother
Lucas, Amanda J.; Burdett, Emily R. R.; Burgess, Vanessa; Wood, Lara A.; McGuigan, Nicola; Harris, Paul L.; Whiten, Andrew
Child Development, v88 n6 p2026-2042 Nov-Dec 2017
This study tested the prediction that, with age, children should rely less on familiarity and more on expertise in their selective social learning. Experiment 1 (N = 50) found that 5- to 6-year-olds copied the technique their mother used to extract a prize from a novel puzzle box, in preference to both a stranger and an established expert. This bias occurred despite children acknowledging the expert model's superior capability. Experiment 2 (N = 50) demonstrated a shift in 7- to 8-year-olds toward copying the expert. Children aged 9-10 years did not copy according to a model bias. The findings of a follow-up study (N = 30) confirmed that, instead, they prioritized their own--partially flawed--causal understanding of the puzzle box.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A